Causes of bumps and rashes
- Milia: Many babies, upwards of 40%, will have tiny white or yellowish bumps on their face, typically on their nose or chin. These tiny bumps are thought to come from immature sebaceous glands or epithelial cysts. No treatment is needed, and these will typically clear up on their own after the first few weeks of life.
- Newborn rash: This rash looks like a blotchy area of red rash with small bumps or pimples inside. The official name is erythema toxicum, but don’t worry—there is nothing toxic about it and there is no infection involved. Over 50% of newborns get some newborn rash, typically arriving soon after birth and staying maybe a week. This rash will resolve on its own, and lotions, soaps, or other treatments are not recommended. You just need a lot of patience.
- Baby acne: Also called newborn acne, this condition occurs in about 20% of newborns. It typically arises in the first 2 to 3 weeks and clears up on its own, usually before the third month of life. These are small skin-colored or red bumps most often seen on the cheeks and forehead. The skin around the bumps is not red or rashy.
- Inflammation. Most babies do not begin sweating until they are 6 months old, and the use of any cream or lotions may cause a breakout of bumps or a rash.
How to treat skin these common skin conditions
If the bumps or rash seem to make your baby fussy, or your baby's face is very oily, you can care for their skin irritation by:
- Gently wash their face with warm water and patting dry.
- Use a gentle, safe, and hypoallergenic baby wipe to clean the skin from anything that may cause skin irritation.
Things to avoid
- Do not squeeze, rub, or try to pop the bumps.
- Do not apply lotions, creams, or acne medicines intended for older children and adults.
- Do not use baby powder as it can cause lung irritation and is not helpful.
Consult with your pediatric healthcare provider for skin care guidance if you are concerned or if the rash and bumps do not go away on their own.
The information of this article has been reviewed by nursing experts of the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric, & Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN). The content should not substitute medical advice from your personal healthcare provider. Please consult your healthcare provider for recommendations/diagnosis or treatment. For more advice from AWHONN nurses, visit Healthy Mom&Baby at health4mom.org.