The 3-month lag in increasing male fertility
Activities and environmental influences during this window of time can affect the quality of sperm produced over the next 3 months.
No need to spend big to increase your fertility
Just be aware that you may be feeling a little sensitive at this time and so it's probably even more important to check for evidence before signing up for any too-good-to-be-true fertility deals.
There are many, many websites, advertisements, and services that offer all sorts of amazing products that promise to increase fertility using goji berries or mojo powder or the like. They all seem to involve sending a check and crossing your fingers.
It's quite possible that some of these products may actually help increase fertility, but there are lots of proven, evidence-based simple strategies that you should try first and these don’t usually cost money and might even save you some dollars.
Smoking and fertility
In women, cigarette smoking can disrupt egg maturation, follicle development, ovulation frequency and fertilization rates, with eggs exposed to nicotine having higher levels of chromosomal abnormalities. Smokers also have increased rates of miscarriage and less success of a positive pregnancy with in vitro fertilization (IVF).
In men, smoking lowers sperm count and motility and has been found to increase abnormalities of sperm shape and function.
Alcohol and fertility
Moderate to high levels of alcohol consumption in women is linked to increased miscarriage risks, hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian dysfunction, ovulation dysfunction, luteal phase defect and abnormal development of the endometrial lining.
Moderate to high levels of alcohol consumption in men is linked to abnormal liver function, raised estrogen levels that interfere with sperm development, and a significant drop in sperm numbers.
Caffeine and fertility
Many fertility experts suggest that couples who are keen to get pregnant cut caffeine from their diets.
Healthy diets increase fertility
Dairy appears to have positive benefits in supporting conception.
Avoid fatty foods, highly processed foods, and foods high in sugar as these can impact hormone balance.
Trans-fats may impact on fertility. These can be found in highly processed foods such as chips cooked in fat, some highly processed cereals, pastries and pies, some cakes, and even pizza.
While fish can be an important part of a healthy diet, increasing levels of toxins and heavy metals may make some fish a risky food choice when you are trying to maximize your fertility.
Smaller fish like sardines and anchovies tend to have a lower risk of toxins and are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids but larger fish like shark (often called flake) can be higher in heavy metals like mercury.
Avoid soft drinks and high levels of coffee and tea. Herbal teas and water are the best drinks when trying to conceive. Fruit juice is high in fructose which can interfere with the sensitivities of insulin and other hormone balances.
Chemicals and fertility
Avoid using pesticide sprays in particular. Try a fly swat and liberal doses of harmless pest-deterrents like lemon oil, citrus, and cloves. The catnip plant makes a good roach deterrent, especially when brewed into a cockroach herbal tea that can be sprayed at points of entry.
Physical fitness and fertility
The information of this article has been reviewed by nursing experts of the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric, & Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN). The content should not substitute medical advice from your personal healthcare provider. Please consult your healthcare provider for recommendations/diagnosis or treatment. For more advice from AWHONN nurses, visit Healthy Mom&Baby at health4mom.org.